Subscale (0.63 scale) penetrators impacted various sizes of volcanic rocks resting on and within compacted plays sediments. All penetrators were identical in size, shape, weight, and impact velocity. Although minor variations in impact angle were documented, the final orientation of the buried penetrators was primarily a consequence of the size, shape, and depth of the rocks encountered during impact. In situ measurements of impacted penetrators revealed that surface and buried layers of rocks having diameters up to 3 times the penetrator diameter caused only small ( 10 deg) angles of deflection. Only large single rocks greater than 10 times the penetrator diameter caused deflections appreciably greater than 10 deg. The large deflection angles followed by the penetrator were strongly influenced by fracture planes that developed in the rock as it broke apart. No catastrophic failure of the penetrator occurred during these tests. A cross section of the path of each penetrator through the ground is shown together with details on orientation before, during, and after the tests. Comparisons are made with results of previous subscale penetrator tests, and conclusions are drawn with respect to full-scale Mars penetrator performance.